Contributing Factors for Eye Disease: Are You a Future Candidate for a Norwood LASIK Procedure?
For many people with degrading eyesight in Norwood, LASIK is something they need to start considering. Consider that old saying that if your mother’s father is bald, your fate is sealed. Your genes play a huge role in making you who you are, and as you’re probably aware, this also applies to eyesight. Don’t despair, even though you can’t control the genetics game, you can take certain preventive measures to keep your eyes healthy and working for as long as possible.
Even though summer is drawing to a close, individuals with blue, green, or hazel eyes can and should take extra precautions to avoid damage to their eyes. According to a national study involving more than 2,000 adults, prolonged overexposure to the sun can increase the risk of light eyed individuals to develop rare eye cancers, such as melanoma of the iris and other areas of the uveal tract. What you should also be aware of is that the same study also concluded that one-third of light eyed American adults using common over-the-counter medications become more susceptible to harmful ultraviolent (UV) rays. Antibiotics with tetracycline, birth control pills, and pain relievers such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium are just some of the medications that cause photosensitivity.
People descending from Northern Europe, in general, seem to have a genetic pattern of inheritance that can lead to central vision loss. This is known as ARMD, the dry (cell breakdown) that 90 percent of patients have, or the wet (blood vessel leak) which is only found in 10 percent of the cases. The first signs of ARMD are central vision loss and central vision distortion (seeing wavy line in a grid of straight lines).
Aside for the fairer eyed, fairer skinned among us, the fairer sex also seems to be susceptible to have more eye problems, and this is, of course, because women tend to live longer than men (there are five times as many women as men age 90 or older). Over one million legally blind people live in the US, and out of that, 700,000 are women. Out of the 3.4 million Americans suffering from visual impairment, 2.3 are women. In addition to that, women on average tend to have more autoimmune diseases, constituting 75% of the 8.5 million Americans who have lupus, Sjogrens syndrome, multiple sclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis; all of which have a significant effect on eyesight.
But there are other ways to protect your eyes, and Norwood LASIK eye care professionals also encourage:
- Wearing appropriate sunglasses – The best strategy for external damage from outdoor light is to wear only sunglasses labeled “100% UV protection” or “UV400,” because these are best at protecting your eyes against both UVA and UVB rays. You should also wear sunglasses whenever possible, on cloudy or sunny days. Don’t let the name “sunglasses” fool you.
- Wearing a hat – Don’t just stop at sunglasses. Individuals should try and wear a hat as much as possible, as studies have shown they can help block UV exposure related to eye disease.
- Being aware of your surroundings – Always take into consideration where you are and what you are near. Sand, water and pavement can reflect or magnify the sun’s UV rays.
- Not letting your eyes dry out – The eye produce less tears the older you get, but the young can experience dry eyes from too much focusing on television and computer screens, the pages of a book or a needle point. Try to limit these activities or carry eye drops or punctual plugs with you. Be aware that several kinds of medications can also cause dry eyes, such as diuretics, beta blockers, antihistamines, sleeping pills, and anxiety drugs.
- Taking care of yourself – To help prevent or slow the progress of degenerative eye conditions, one should stop smoking, partake in a healthy diet, get plenty of physical activity, watch high blood pressure and take AREDS vitamins (Vitamin C, E, beta carotene, zinc/copper).
- Knowing your family tree – Always talk to your doctor and have a good understanding of the particular diseases that run in your family that contribute to vision loss, before considering Norwood LASIK surgery. If you have a family history of glaucoma, for instance, you have a greater risk of developing it because of a genetic link. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in America, affecting over two million Americans, usually of people over the age of 40 and in higher incidence in African-Americans.